Ernest Howard Crosby collection Edit


MSS 218 large


  • 1872-1907 (Creation)


  • 6 Linear Feet (Whole)
    7 boxes



  • Conditions Governing Access

    The collection is open for research.

  • Conditions Governing Use

    Copyright is retained by the author of the items in this collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

  • Preferred Citation

    Item, Folder number and/or title, Box number, Ernest Howard Crosby collection, MSS 218, Special Collections, MSU Libraries, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

  • Immediate Source of Acquisition

    This collection was donated by Helen Crosby Glendening in 1973.

  • Scope and Contents

    The Ernest Howard Crosby collection includes publications by and about Ernest Howard Crosby, journals, correspondence from Theodore Roosevelt and Leo Tolstoy, photographs, notes, and a deathmask. Materials about Ernest Howard Crosby from MSU professor of American Thought and Languauge, Perry E. Gianakos, included in the collection.

  • Biographical / Historical

    Ernest Howard Crosby (1856-1907), American author, reformer, and jurist from New York. Graduate of New York University and Columbia Law School (1878), he assumed the seat of Theodore Roosevelt on the New York Assembly (1887-1889). He then was named a judge for the International Court in Alexandria, Egypt (1889-1893). Crosby left his post after four years due to a change in philosphical ideals, converting to a Tolstoyan view of non-violence, beginning his correspondence and friendship with Leo Tolstoy. Crosby supported a pacifist stance during the Spanish American war and published an array of Anti-Imperialist and Anti-Militarist publications alongside poetry and novels. He was also the President of the Anti-Imperialist League of New York and a member of the City Reform Club.

    He was the son of Reverend Howard Crosby (1826-1891), the husband of Fanny Schieffelin Crosby (1860-1925), and the father of Maunsell Schieffelin Crosby (1887-1931).